What is the dress code in Cuba? Is it the long, floaty dresses and flowery shirts that you see on Instagram and in travel brochures? Should you dress modestly? Does the dress code vary depending upon the towns and cities you visit? What should you wear to the beach in Cuba? If any of the above questions have come to mind, don’t worry – you’re not alone in wondering exactly what to wear to Cuba.

A quick stroll through the streets of Havana or Santiago de Cuba will tell you that colourful garb and vibrant patterns are the go-to in Cuba, along with casual cigar shirts and jeans or shorts. As a predominantly Christian country, it’s also common for locals and tourists to show skin, whether it’s their shoulders, legs, or cleavage.

So, the dress code in Cuba for tourists is more about comfort than anything else. When you’re deciding exactly what to pack and what to wear to Cuba, you should start by looking at the predicted weather conditions during your visit. Then, add a splash of colour to your wardrobe. Most importantly, however, you should feel comfortable and confident in your outfit of choice. It’s essential that you feel safe, especially if you’re travelling solo or in a small group.

The following guide covers what to wear in Cuba, whether it’s the day or night, as well as what to wear when you’re visiting Havana, Varadero, Trinidad, Santiago de Cuba, the beach, the city, or a Cuban resort. With the following packing lists for men and women, you should feel confident (and runway-ready) for your trip to Cuba.

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What is the traditional wear in Cuba?

While you’re likely to see all sorts of fashion statements in Cuba’s big cities and towns, the traditional wear in Cuba includes items such as cigar shirts and rumba dresses.

The official national costume of Cuba is the guayabera or cigar shirt, a lightweight linen or cotton shirt that typically has two or four pockets at the front, a collar, buttons, and two pleats at the front and back of the shirt. Lightweight and loose-fitting, they’re the go-to casual attire for men in Cuba.

Man pushes a bicycle wearing a cigar shirt

Bata cubana dresses, also called rumba dresses, are perhaps the best-known traditional wear in Cuba. This is likely down to their vibrant, eye-catching arrangement, which usually includes ruffles around the legs and arms or flutter sleeves. Traditionally, these lightweight dresses have vibrant colours, a plunge neckline, and a close fit.

Woman holding a basket and wearing a colourful traditional dress

You’re more likely to see rumba dresses away from the bigger, urban centres in Cuba. Just look out for checkered prints, frills, lace, ribbons, off-shoulder necklines, and vibrant colours or patterns. Colourful jewellery containing beads are common accessories worn with rumba dresses.

If you have a keen eye, you might notice some locals dressed in all-white attire too. This is an outfit worn by those in the initiation stage of the Santeria religion, an Afro-Caribbean faith also referred to as Regla de Ocha or Lucumi religion.

Should I dress modestly in Cuba?

As a predominantly Christian country, you don’t necessarily need to cover your arms, shoulders, legs, or chest in Cuba -unless you’d like to, of course. It’s very common to see locals and tourists wearing shorts, skirts, dresses, vests, tank tops, and crop tops in hot weather.

In my experience, when the weather drops below 20 °C, the dress code in Cuba (for locals, at least) switches to jeans and a t-shirt, so if you’d rather blend in with locals, you might want to follow suit.

The biggest factor when it comes to deciding how modestly you should dress in Cuba is safety. In general, Cuba is a friendly and safe country to travel around, but catcalling is very common in the big cities, even for men. While this wasn’t too bothersome in the day, I preferred to dress modestly and wear baggy clothes at night for my own peace of mind.

What not to wear in Cuba

You should avoid wearing branded items or expensive jewellery. This may be seen as insensitive, due to the poor economical situation in Cuba. Some restaurants, especially higher-end establishments connected to hotels, will not allow guests to wear short shorts or skirts into their restaurants too.

The dress code in Cuba

The dress code in Cuba really comes down to exactly where you’re visiting in Cuba, as well as the time of day and the activities you have planned. The following guides will give you a better idea of what you should wear in the day and night, as well as what’s most acceptable in different destinations across Cuba.

What to wear in Cuba in the day

As an island in Latin America, Cuba is typically hot and humid, so lightweight, breathable fabric such as cotton, linen, and sweat-wicking fabrics should be your go-to attire. Walking is one of the main ways of getting around Cuba, and there are plenty of cobbles and potholes, so sturdy, practical shoes or sandals are another must-have item.

Practical and fashionable outfits for men and women might be shorts or skirts with a loose vest or t-shirt. A loose-fitting dress is also breathable and comfortable. When it’s slightly cooler outside, lightweight trousers or jeans paired with a vest or t-shirt are a good combination.

Collection of locals in Havana wearing casual clothes

Always carry a light jacket or cardigan with you, because some buildings and restaurants (if you’re lucky) have air conditioning. A rain jacket or a travel umbrella is essential between May and October, which is the rainy season in Cuba.

What to wear in Cuba at night

The temperature drops at least a few degrees at night, especially in northern parts of Cuba such as Havana or Varadero. Of course, mosquitos also like to rear their heads from dusk onwards too. For these reasons, it’s a good idea to swap any shorts or short skirts for longer trousers, skirts, or jeans, and drape a lightweight cardigan or jacket over your t-shirt or vest.

If you’re after some nice holiday snaps in a shorter dress or special shirt, you can always take off your jacket once you’re inside a bar or restaurant or when you spot an attractive backdrop.

What to wear in Havana Cuba

In Havana, the dress code is edgier and more diverse than in Cuba’s smaller towns – it is the capital city, after all, and many people like to channel their own personal style. So, feel free to inject some colour and personality into your own outfit, as locals are sure to appreciate it.

As a big urban centre and the capital of Cuba, catcalling is the most predominant in Havana (even for men), so you might want to dress more modestly if this makes you uncomfortable. You should also avoid wearing flashy or designer items. While pickpocketing isn’t particularly rife, you’re more likely to get pickpocketed in Havana than anywhere else in Cuba.

Locals on a street in Havana

What to wear in Trinidad Cuba

Trinidad has somewhat of a ‘resort’ vibe, given that it’s such a popular tourist destination, and it’s the one place where I felt most comfortable to get out my summer dresses. It also feels very safe at night; in fact, it’s virtually empty when you get out of the central area of Plaza Mayor. This is the sort of place where you can put your maxi dresses, flowery shirts and sundresses into action without turning heads.

Woman wearing a red dress looking over rooftops

Escape Artist Katie on a cobbled street in Trinidad with colourful houses

What to wear in Varadero Cuba

Varadero is probably the biggest tourist hotspot in the whole of Cuba. The beaches are lined with huge beach resorts and hotels, so the dress code is way more relaxed than in the cities or towns. Since there are so many tourists lounging around or lumbering off to the beach, it’s unlikely that you’ll look or feel out of place in beach garb, or even with sand stuck in your hair. Out of anywhere, this is the place to wear your usual beach, resort, or fancy drinks-and-dinner holiday outfits.

What to wear in Santiago de Cuba

You should treat dressing for Santiago de Cuba similarly to dressing for Havana. Santiago de Cuba is the so-called ‘capital of the south’, and it’s a huge urban centre. There are strong Afro-Cuban influences on the attire here, meaning that colourful outfits are even more commonplace than in Havana.

I’d suggest bringing out your colourful holiday attire, but keeping things fairly modest. Shorts and a colourful top or a loose, full-length maxi dress for women are some great outfit ideas. Men might want to opt for a colourful shirt and slacks or jeans and a statement t-shirt. Avoid wearing anything too flashy or expensive, as you might attract pickpockets or cause offence to locals.

What to wear in a Cuba resort

Since Cuban resorts are packed with tourists showing off their best summer dresses, Instagram-inspired crochet tops, beachwear, and flowery shirts, the dress code is typically very relaxed. Many tourists tend to dress up in the evenings for dinner at their resort, so packing a more formal shirt or dress might be a good idea. Some resorts also have a no shorts rule in their restaurants in the evening, so plan ahead in case this is the case.

What to wear to the beach in Cuba

There’s no dress code for the beaches in Cuba, whether you’re visiting the best beaches Havana, Varadero, or remoter coves. Bikinis, swimming trunks, tankinis, and swimming costumes are all acceptable. Obviously, the only rule is that you shouldn’t go commando.

A sandy walkway leading to the sea at Santa Maria del Mar

Wearing a cover-up or kimono-style jacket might make you feel more comfortable on the beach, especially since many of the restaurants are based a short walk from the beach. Remember to wear comfortable clothes and shoes for your journey to and from the beach, especially if you’re walking there or travelling by bus.

If it’s evening by the time you retire, you might want to bring a jacket or longer trousers with you to avoid mosquitos (and catcalls).

Can I buy clothes in Cuba?

While you shouldn’t expect endless boutiques and high-street stores in Cuba, there are markets and flea stores in bigger towns or cities such as Havana, Varadero, Trinidad, and Santiago de Cuba. That’s if you can find out where they are – your best bet is to ask your casa particulare (which you can book through Homestay) host to point you in the direction of a flea market. Markets typically run on selected days, although big tourist destinations may have permanent stalls selling clothes that are popular with tourists, such as dresses and hats.

Cuba outfits: Packing list for women

These are the basic essentials for women travelling to Cuba:

  • Skirts or shorts
  • Loose mini dress
  • A maxi dress, loose jeans, or loose, full-length trousers such as the Urban Classics Culotte Pants
  • Lightweight cardigan or jacket
  • Lightweight, travel-friendly rain jacket such as the Regatta raincoat or a robust travel umbrella
  • A lightweight, water-resistant backpack such as the Bekahizar Backpack
  • Swimming costume or bikini
  • Beach cover-up
  • Sunglasses
  • Underwear and socks
  • Practical trainers or walking boots
  • Sturdy sandals

Cuba outfits: Packing list for men

  • Shorts
  • Full-length trousers or jeans
  • Lightweight jacket or jumper
  • Lightweight, travel-friendly rain jacket such as the Regatta raincoat or a reliable travel umbrella
  • A lightweight, water-resistant backpack such as the Bekahizar Backpack
  • Swimming trunks
  • Underwear and socks
  • Sturdy sandals
  • Practical trainers or walking boots

Other essential items for Cuba

  • Water-to-Go bottle: Filter 99% of microbiological contents in water while on the go.
  • Jungle Mosquito Repellant: Powerful mosquito repellant containing DEET
  • Nomandia Microfibre Towel: A quick-dry and lightweight towel designed for the beach.
  • Plenty of cash (in euros): As I explain in detail in my blog post on money for Cuba, ATMs are unreliable and they have a very poor exchange rate.
  • Sun cream
  • First-aid kit
  • Snacks: grocery stores in Cuba typically stock rice, tinned beans and tomatoes, and they don’t usually sell snacks.
  • A European plug adapter: get the best bang for your buck with an international plug adaptor, such as the iBlockCube Worldwide Travel Plug Adapter, which can be re-used on other trips.
  • A Kindle or Beats Studio Buds: the main method of getting around Cuba is by collectivo or traditional taxi and the journeys can be upwards of four hours, so entertainment is a must.
Check out my other top travel resources

Now that you’re ready for the ‘runways’ of Cuba, cobbles included, other key things you need to prepare are your methods of getting around Cuba and packing the correct money for Cuba. If you’re looking for alternative activities to visiting the beach, my guide to the Parque Guanayara Waterfalls will also come in handy.

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